Shakey was the first free-thinking robot. Shakey was developed at the Artificial Intelligence Center of Stanford Research Institute (now called SRI International) in 1966 through 1972 with Charles Rosen as project manager.

Shakey the Robot was the first general-purpose mobile robot to be able to reason about its own actions

Shakey demonstrated its ability to think and then react by navigating itself around rooms and corridors, turning lights on and off, opening and closing doors, and pushing certain objects around.